Cold winter months are quickly approaching, bringing with them plenty of rain, ice, and snow. Not only are the roads more dangerous, but the cold temperatures can be tough on your fleet’s vehicles. What are the precautions you need to take to make sure that your vehicles are roadworthy and your drivers stay safe? This is your guide to everything you need to know about maintaining vehicles in the cold winter months and keeping drivers safe on the roads.
From time-to-time, manufacturers issue recalls on certain models of vehicles. Some recalls are minor and do not pose a safety hazard, while others are serious and should be repaired immediately. Visit NHTSA’s recall lookup tool to find out whether or not there are any open recalls on any of the vehicles in your fleet. This is easily determined by entering the VIN number into the online tool. if there are any open recalls, take the vehicles into a dealership to have any issues corrected. The great news about having repairs done on vehicles under recall is that it is FREE!
Driver familiarity with the features of the fleet vehicles they drive is one of the most important practice tips for the upcoming winter months. Make sure drivers understand how features of their vehicle, such as anti-lock brakes, react in slippery conditions. Some vehicles have extra features such as traction that can be enabled when appropriate. Understanding the features of the vehicle and being comfortable with them will increase the safety of your drivers on the road.
The summer months are much more lenient on your vehicles. If there were any issues that were just beginning to rear their heads in the summer, but were more of a minor annoyance than a real concern, you can be sure that they will be a cause for concern in the cold weather. In general, prior to the winter months, you should make sure all vehicles in your fleet are taken in for regularly scheduled maintenance. This will ensure your vehicles are in optimal condition.
If you’re unlucky enough to have issues arise, a winter kit will be handy. Prepare a winter kit for each vehicle in case of such events. Items you should include are:
Jumper cables – In the event that your vehicle will not crank, you will have the ability to jump it off. You can even purchase battery-powered jumper cables so that your driver doesn’t even need another vehicle in order to his or her back running.
Ice scraper – For scraping unexpected ice or snow off of the windshield so drivers can see clearly
Sand – Useful for safely crossing icy patches
Flashlights – If your driver gets stranded in the dark, he or she will have a light source
Additional recommended items include a battery-powered phone charger, emergency flares, pocket knife, food and water.
Pre-trip inspections and post-trip inspections are extremely important and can help prevent drivers from becoming stranded in extreme weather conditions. Pay special attention to these items:
Battery – It comes as no surprise that batteries are a common problem with vehicles during the winter months. If your batteries showed signs of wear and tear during the summer, you’re likely to have real difficulties with them during the winter as it takes more energy to power vehicles in cold weather. Make sure batteries are in good condition, free of corrosion and that the battery cable connections are secure.
Headlights and taillights– Get your drivers to ensure both taillights and headlights are working so they can see the road ahead of them and other drivers can see them.
Cooling system – Get drivers to check fluid levels are within the recommended range to prevent their vehicles’ engine from overheating.
Washer reservoir – Levels of washer fluid should be adequate so that unwanted dirt and debris can be removed from the windshield for visibility.
Windshield wipers – Cold weather can wreak havoc on windshield wipers. Indeed, ice and snow can tear the rubber on windshield wipers, rendering them useless. This is a safety hazard, that needs immediate attention.
Oil and transmission fluid – The fluids in a vehicle, such as oil and transmission fluid, will be less efficient in cold weather as it makes them less viscous. Fluids need to be clean and at recommended levels.
Defrosters – Drivers must check to make sure the defrosting system is working as it should. This is extremely important for visibility on the road.
Tires – Air compresses in cold weather, and the same is true for the air in your tires. This means your drivers may need to add more air to the tires of your fleet vehicles during the winter months to keep them within the recommended range. They should check treads are good, and that there aren’t any obvious defects such as knots that could cause a tire to blow out.
Windows – Checks for cracks in the windows, especially the windshield, should take place.
Forward sensors – Sensors and turn signals should be tested.
Backup camera – Get drivers to put vehicles in reverse and check their backup camera is working properly.
Make pre and post-inspections a breeze with Whip Around software. Drivers can conduct inspections right from their mobile device, notify you immediately if there is an issue with their vehicle, and even alert you to issues when they are on the road. Inspection forms can be customized to fit the needs of your fleet, and vehicle reports can be accessed and managed with the click of a button. Download your free trial today, and see for yourself how Whip Software can simplify fleet management and help your drivers stay safe this winter!